wnagzihxa1n

wnagzihxa1n

iOS/Android Security

© 2021

保护技术开发02 - 纯Java层的壳改进

我们在第一篇文章中简单的跑了一个很简单的壳,但是那种加密方式相当的挫,这里演示一种比较贴近现实的一种Demo:在开发完整个工程后,不使用新的APK去加载,而是提取Dex,加密后存到assets文件夹,资源文件等都不进行处理,然后重新写一个ProtectApplication入口,在这个入口进行原始Dex的解密加载

这样就解决掉了不能加载资源的问题

再进一步说,其实我们加壳的代码是可以固定的,步骤如下:

  1. 反编译整个项目,除Dex之外所有的文件全部提取出来
  2. 提取Dex,进行加密操作
  3. 新建一个工程,包名与其余的代码全部模拟待加壳样本
  4. 整合加密的源Dex文件
  5. 添加壳代码,并修改AndroidManifest.xml的入口Application
  6. 回编译,签名

这次我们创建两个Activity,分别有两个一样的界面,第一个界面的按钮点击后跳到第二个界面,第二个界面的按钮点击后跳到第一个界面

MainActivity.java

package com.wnagzihxain.sourceapk;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    private TextView textView;
    private Button button;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        textView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.view1_textView);
        button = (Button) findViewById(R.id.view1_button);
        textView.setText("I am MainActivity");

        button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                Intent intent = new Intent();
                intent.setClass(MainActivity.this, SecondActivity.class);
                startActivity(intent);
                MainActivity.this.finish();
            }
        });
    }
}

SecondActivity.java

package com.wnagzihxain.sourceapk;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class SecondActivity extends Activity {

    private TextView textView;
    private Button button;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_second);

        textView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.view2_textView);
        button = (Button) findViewById(R.id.view2_button);
        textView.setText("I am SecondActivity");

        button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                Intent intent = new Intent();
                intent.setClass(SecondActivity.this, MainActivity.class);
                startActivity(intent);
                SecondActivity.this.finish();
            }
        });
    }
}

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="com.wnagzihxain.sourceapk.MainActivity">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Hello World!"
        android:textAlignment="center"
        android:textSize="24sp"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintRight_toRightOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        android:id="@+id/view1_textView"/>

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/view1_button"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Button"
        android:layout_below="@+id/view1_textView"
        android:layout_alignParentStart="true"/>
</RelativeLayout>

activity_second.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="com.wnagzihxain.sourceapk.SecondActivity">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Hello World!"
        android:textAlignment="center"
        android:textSize="24sp"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintRight_toRightOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        android:id="@+id/view2_textView"/>

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/view2_button"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_below="@+id/view2_textView"
        android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
        android:text="Button"/>
</RelativeLayout>

最后在AndroidManifest.xml添加Activity

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest package="com.wnagzihxain.sourceapk"
          xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN"/>
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER"/>
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>

        <activity android:name=".SecondActivity"></activity>
    </application>
</manifest>

测试一下,没啥问题就编译签名为SourceAPK.apk

接下来按理来说,我们要新建一个工程,然后把SourceAPK.apk里所有的资源文件什么的都反编译出来拷贝到ProtectAPK工程里,保证除了Java代码外,其余的文件都和待加壳文件的开发环境是一样的

那么在这里,我们省略反编译这个步骤,直接就在SourceAPK工程里进行修改,效果是一样的

把代码全都删掉,然后加入壳代码

ProtectApplication.java

package com.wnagzihxain.sourceapk;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.lang.ref.WeakReference;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;

import android.app.Application;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.pm.ApplicationInfo;
import android.content.res.AssetManager;
import android.content.res.Resources;
import android.content.res.Resources.Theme;
import android.util.ArrayMap;
import android.util.Log;

import dalvik.system.DexClassLoader;

public class ProtectApplication extends Application {
    Context context = ProtectApplication.this;
    ApplicationInfo applicationInfo = null;
    private String apkPath;
    private String odexPath;
    private String libPath;

    @Override
    protected void attachBaseContext(Context base) {
        super.attachBaseContext(base);
        applicationInfo = ProtectApplication.this.getApplicationInfo();

        File odex = this.getDir("targetOdex", MODE_PRIVATE);
        File libs = this.getDir("targetLib", MODE_PRIVATE);
        apkPath = odex.getAbsolutePath() + "/targetAPK.apk";
        odexPath = odex.getAbsolutePath();
        libPath = libs.getAbsolutePath();

        Log.i("wnagzihxa1n", "apkPath  : " + apkPath);
        Log.i("wnagzihxa1n", "odexPath : " + odexPath);
        Log.i("wnagzihxa1n", "libPath  : " + libPath);

        releaseDexFile();

        try {
            File apkFile = new File(apkPath);
            if (!apkFile.exists()) {
                Log.i("wnagzihxa1n", "Top miss, Mid miss, Bot miss, All miss");
                return;
            }
            Object currentActivityThread = RefInvoke.invokeStaticMethod("android.app.ActivityThread", "currentActivityThread", new Class[]{}, new Object[]{});
            String packageName = this.getPackageName();
            ArrayMap mPackages = (ArrayMap) RefInvoke.getFieldOjbect("android.app.ActivityThread", currentActivityThread, "mPackages");
            WeakReference wr = (WeakReference) mPackages.get(packageName);
            DexClassLoader dLoader = new DexClassLoader(apkPath, odexPath, libPath, (ClassLoader) RefInvoke.getFieldOjbect("android.app.LoadedApk", wr.get(), "mClassLoader"));
            RefInvoke.setFieldOjbect("android.app.LoadedApk", "mClassLoader", wr.get(), dLoader);
            try {
                Object actObj = dLoader.loadClass("com.wnagzihxain.sourceapk.MainActivity");
                Log.i("wnagzihxa1n", "ActObj : " + actObj);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
                Log.i("wnagzihxa1n", "Activity : " + Log.getStackTraceString(e));
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            Log.i("wnagzihxa1n", "Error : " + Log.getStackTraceString(e));
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();
        Log.i("wnagzihxa1n", "onCreate()");
    }

    public void releaseDexFile() {
        byte xor_key = 0x66;
        try {
            InputStream inputStream = context.getAssets().open("a", MODE_PRIVATE);
            File dexFile_save = new File(apkPath);
            FileOutputStream fileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(dexFile_save);
            int myDexlength = inputStream.available();
            Log.i("wnagzihxa1n", "DexLength : " + myDexlength);
            byte[] buffer_temp = new byte[myDexlength];
            inputStream.read(buffer_temp);
            fileOutputStream.write(buffer_temp);
            fileOutputStream.flush();
            inputStream.close();
            fileOutputStream.close();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            Log.i("wnagzihxa1n", "Releasing myAPK.apk failed\n" + e);
        }
    }
}

RefInvoke.java

package com.wnagzihxain.sourceapk;

import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;

public class RefInvoke {
    public static Object invokeStaticMethod(String class_name, String method_name, Class[] pareType, Object[] pareVaules) {
        try {
            Class obj_class = Class.forName(class_name);
            Method method = obj_class.getMethod(method_name, pareType);
            return method.invoke(null, pareVaules);
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public static Object invokeMethod(String class_name, String method_name, Object obj, Class[] pareTyple, Object[] pareVaules) {
        try {
            Class obj_class = Class.forName(class_name);
            Method method = obj_class.getMethod(method_name, pareTyple);
            return method.invoke(obj, pareVaules);
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public static Object getFieldOjbect(String class_name, Object obj, String filedName) {
        try {
            Class obj_class = Class.forName(class_name);
            Field field = obj_class.getDeclaredField(filedName);
            field.setAccessible(true);
            return field.get(obj);
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (NoSuchFieldException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public static Object getStaticFieldOjbect(String class_name, String filedName) {
        try {
            Class obj_class = Class.forName(class_name);
            Field field = obj_class.getDeclaredField(filedName);
            field.setAccessible(true);
            return field.get(null);
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (NoSuchFieldException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public static void setFieldOjbect(String classname, String filedName, Object obj, Object filedVaule) {
        try {
            Class obj_class = Class.forName(classname);
            Field field = obj_class.getDeclaredField(filedName);
            field.setAccessible(true);
            field.set(obj, filedVaule);
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (NoSuchFieldException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public static void setStaticOjbect(String class_name, String filedName, Object filedVaule) {
        try {
            Class obj_class = Class.forName(class_name);
            Field field = obj_class.getDeclaredField(filedName);
            field.setAccessible(true);
            field.set(null, filedVaule);
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (NoSuchFieldException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

添加一个assets文件夹,把刚才编译出来的SourceAPK.apk解压缩,把classes.dex重命名为a放进去

最后修改AndroidManifest.xml,添加Application入口

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest package="com.wnagzihxain.sourceapk"
          xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

    <application
        android:name=".ProtectApplication"
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN"/>
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER"/>
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>

        <activity android:name=".SecondActivity"></activity>
    </application>
</manifest>

运行调试

IMAGE

点击后跳到第二个Activity

IMAGE

那么整个壳的雏形就出来了