wnagzihxa1n

wnagzihxa1n

iOS/Android Security

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Android平台Hook入门以及实例演示

0x00 前言

本文目的是讲解Android平台的Hook技术,包括且不仅限于Xposed框架,需要各位同学有一定的Android开发能力

Xposed是Android平台一个非常著名的Hook框架,很多玩机的同学都比较喜欢,但是也有部分同学是没有玩过这些东西的,所以我会从代码层面来详细的讲解Hook技术以及实现

先来科普一下Hook的概念:Hook是钩子的意思,Android应用在运行的时候会调用很多的函数,自身的函数,系统的函数,我们可以使用钩子去钩住我们想要钩住的函数,然后使程序跳到我们自己写的函数逻辑里去执行

讲到这里,有同学就会疑惑:如何钩住?用什么去钩?要写代码吗?

带着疑惑,我们来看如何实现使用Xposed框架去实现Hook

0x01 Xposed Installer

手机是一定要Root的,然后安装上e.robv.android.xposed.installer_v33_36570c.apk,使用Xposed的形式是先安装这个Xposed Installer,然后各种插件以module形式存在

下载地址:http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.robv.android.xposed.installer

官网对Xposed的一些描述

Note that this only works with root access on Android 4.0.3 up to Android 4.4. 
Have a look at the support thread for instructions and FAQs.
Author(s): rovo89, Tungstwenty
Support/Discussion URL: http://forum.xda-developers.com/xposed
Source code URL: https://github.com/rovo89/XposedInstaller
Package: de.robv.android.xposed.installer
Version name: 2.7 experimental1
Release type: Experimental (high risk of bugs)
Download: de.robv.android.xposed.installer_v33_36570c.apk (770.28 KB)
Number of downloads: 13,033,207 in total · 11,389 in the last 24 hours
MD5 checksum: 36570c6fac687ffe08107e6a72bd3da7
Uploaded on: Thursday, June 19, 2014 - 15:19

如果Android系统版本是5.0及以上的同学需要下载下面这个版本的Xposed Installer

下载地址:http://forum.xda-developers.com/showthread.php?t=3034811

官网也高能提示了

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
For Android 5.0 or higher (Lollipop/Marshmallow), these versions don't work! Use this instead:
http://forum.xda-developers.com/showthread.php?t=3034811
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

安装完后,单击打开安装,至于这个安装干了什么后面详细讲

IMAGE

安装完后该重启就重启,想折腾Xposed,重启这事省不了

0x02 XposedApp

我们来写个简单的App,功能很简单,输入一个RegCode,然后单击按钮注册的时候进行一个简单的判断

package com.wnagzihxain.xposedapp;

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.inputmethod.EditorInfo;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private EditText edittext;
    private Button button;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        edittext = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.edittext);
        button = (Button)findViewById(R.id.button);

        button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if (checkRegCode(edittext.getText().toString())){
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "You Get it", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }
                else {
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Sorry , Try again", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                }
            }
        });
    }

    private Boolean checkRegCode(String RegCode){
        if (RegCode.equals("vjfnvsdgdsgtnyhbcmdaljfrgohglhg")){
            return Boolean.TRUE;
        }
        return Boolean.FALSE;
    }
}

简单粗暴,代码还是很好懂的,看不懂的话建议先去搞搞Android开发的基础吧

这里我们可以看到,我使用的是checkRegCode()方法来校验,这是一个返回值是Boolean的方法,那么我们如果Hook这个方法,直接返回true不就可以绕过校验码?

0x03 XposedDemo

来看如何写对应的Xposed插件

下载XposedBridgeApi-54.jar

下载地址: http://forum.xda-developers.com/xposed/xposed-api-changelog-developer-news-t2714067

新建一个Android Studio工程,创建完后,在工程里新建一个lib文件夹,导入XposedBridgeApi-54.jar文件

然后我们学习一下Android Studio引用第三方jar库的知识

来自:Android Studio 里面的引用第三方库总结,以及compile、provided使用

方式:1:它就会自动把这个包下载下来,并且引用它,节省Git空间,而且修改版本也很方便

compile 'com.android.support:support-v4:23.3.0'

方式2:引用libs下所有jar包

compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])

方式3:引用一个jar

compile files('libs/fastjson-1.1.53.android.jar')

方式4:引用一个aar文件,注意并不能像方式2那样自动引用全部的aar,而需要对每个aar分别进行引用

compile(name: 'aar_file_name', ext: 'aar')

方式5:引用库类型的项目

compile project(':xxxsdk')

方式6:仅仅在编译时使用,但最终不会被编译到apk或aar里

provided files('libs/glide-3.7.0.jar')

那么我们这里只是编译需要,所以我们在导入XposedBridgeApi-54.jar后需要修改一下build.gradle配置文件

这个位置原来是

compile files('lib/XposedBridgeApi-54.jar')

修改为

provided files('lib/XposedBridgeApi-54.jar')

如下

IMAGE

创建一个类,我这里命名为XposedMain,命名随意,喜欢就好

创建一个assets文件夹,然后添加一个xposed_init文件,内容是我们编写的XposedMain类的路径,这个代表着module的入口类

com.wnagzihxain.xposeddemo.XposedMain

IMAGE

然后修改AndroidManifest.xml文件

添加这三行

<meta-data android:name="xposedmodule" android:value="true"/>
<meta-data android:name="xposeddescription" android:value="XposedDemo"/>
<meta-data android:name="xposedminversion" android:value="54"/>

我来解释下都是什么意思:

  1. 表示这是一个xposed模块
  2. 这个是该模块的描述,比如”微信抢红包插件”,不是模块名字
  3. Xposed最低版本,这个在Xposed installer的界面可以看到安装的版本是多少

IMAGE

开始写代码,首先我们添加一个接口

public class XposedMain implements IXposedHookLoadPackage{
}

这个接口我们可以跟进定义

package de.robv.android.xposed;

import de.robv.android.xposed.IXposedMod;
import de.robv.android.xposed.callbacks.XC_LoadPackage;
import de.robv.android.xposed.callbacks.XC_LoadPackage.LoadPackageParam;

public interface IXposedHookLoadPackage extends IXposedMod {
    void handleLoadPackage(LoadPackageParam var1) throws Throwable;

    public static class Wrapper extends XC_LoadPackage {
        private final IXposedHookLoadPackage instance;

        public Wrapper(IXposedHookLoadPackage instance) {
            this.instance = instance;
        }

        public void handleLoadPackage(LoadPackageParam lpparam) throws Throwable {
            this.instance.handleLoadPackage(lpparam);
        }
    }
}

可以看到这个接口里面有一个方法要重写

void handleLoadPackage(LoadPackageParam var1) throws Throwable;

回到XposedMain,我们来重写这个方法

public class XposedMain implements IXposedHookLoadPackage{
    @Override
    public void handleLoadPackage(XC_LoadPackage.LoadPackageParam loadPackageParam) throws Throwable {
        Log.i("XposedDemo", "Call handleLoadPackage");
    }
}

我们先实现一下在调用这个方法的时候打印日志

Log.i("XposedDemo", "Call handleLoadPackage");

来看这个方法的参数

XC_LoadPackage.LoadPackageParam loadPackageParam

跟到定义

public abstract void handleLoadPackage(XC_LoadPackage.LoadPackageParam var1) throws Throwable;

public static class LoadPackageParam extends Param {
    public String packageName;
    public String processName;
    public ClassLoader classLoader;
    public ApplicationInfo appInfo;
    public boolean isFirstApplication;

    public LoadPackageParam(CopyOnWriteSortedSet<XC_LoadPackage> callbacks) {
        super(callbacks);
    }
}

可以看到这个loadPackageParam对象有非常多的属性,比如packagenameclassLoader

回到XposedMain,既然看了loadPackageParam有那么多的属性,我们这里打印日志的内容也就多了起来

我们通过枚举包名,当loadPackageParam的包名为com.wnagzihxain.xposedapp的时候,我们就打印出日志

public class XposedMain implements IXposedHookLoadPackage{
    @Override
    public void handleLoadPackage(XC_LoadPackage.LoadPackageParam loadPackageParam) throws Throwable {
        Log.i("XposedDemo", "Call handleLoadPackage");
        if (loadPackageParam.packageName.equals("com.wnagzihxain.xposedapp")){
            Log.i("XposedDemo", "Enter " + loadPackageParam.packageName);
        }
    }
}

然后来看一个很重要的方法

public static Unhook findAndHookMethod(String className, ClassLoader classLoader, String methodName, 
                Object... parameterTypesAndCallback) {
    return findAndHookMethod(findClass(className, classLoader), methodName, parameterTypesAndCallback);
}

具体的实现

public static Unhook findAndHookMethod(Class<?> clazz, String methodName, Object... parameterTypesAndCallback) {
    if(parameterTypesAndCallback.length != 0 && 
        parameterTypesAndCallback[parameterTypesAndCallback.length - 1] instanceof XC_MethodHook) {
        XC_MethodHook callback = (XC_MethodHook)parameterTypesAndCallback[parameterTypesAndCallback.length - 1];
        Method m = findMethodExact(clazz, methodName, getParameterClasses(clazz.getClassLoader(), 
                        parameterTypesAndCallback));
        return XposedBridge.hookMethod(m, callback);
    } else {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException("no callback defined");
    }
}

参数依次是类的路径,classLoader,方法名,然后是方法的参数类型,最后是一个回调函数

根据我们使用的测试样本以及需要Hook的方法情况,代码如下

public class XposedMain implements IXposedHookLoadPackage{
    @Override
    public void handleLoadPackage(XC_LoadPackage.LoadPackageParam loadPackageParam) throws Throwable {
        Log.i("XposedDemo", "Call handleLoadPackage");
        if (loadPackageParam.packageName.equals("com.wnagzihxain.xposedapp")){
            Log.i("XposedDemo", "Enter " + loadPackageParam.packageName);
            findAndHookMethod("com.wnagzihxain.xposedapp.MainActivity", loadPackageParam.classLoader, "checkRegCode", 
                String.class, new myHookMethod());
        }
    }
}

这个回调函数我们来实现一下

这里重写了两个很常见的方法

protected void beforeHookedMethod(XC_MethodHook.MethodHookParam param) throws Throwable {
}
protected void afterHookedMethod(XC_MethodHook.MethodHookParam param) throws Throwable {
}
class myHookMethod extends XC_MethodHook{
    @Override
    protected void beforeHookedMethod(XC_MethodHook.MethodHookParam param) throws Throwable {
        Log.i("XposedDemo", "Call beforeHookedMethod");
        Log.i("XposedDemo", "RegCode:" + param.args[0]);
    }
    @Override
    protected void afterHookedMethod(XC_MethodHook.MethodHookParam param) throws Throwable {
        Log.i("XposedDemo", "Call afterHookedMethod");
        Log.i("XposedDemo", "RegCode:" + param.args[0]);
        Boolean result = (Boolean)param.getResult();
        result = true;
        param.setResult(result);
    }
}

意思也比较好懂,对于参数,我们跟到定义里面

我在这里先getResult,然后重新给Result赋值,再setResult,这两个方法在定义里面都可以看得到,这里有一个代码实现的地方要注意,在getResult的时候对象要进行一个类型的转换,转换成的类型由返回值的类型决定

public static class MethodHookParam extends Param {
    public Member method;
    public Object thisObject;
    public Object[] args;
    private Object result = null;
    private Throwable throwable = null;
    boolean returnEarly = false;

    public MethodHookParam() {
    }

    public Object getResult() {
        return this.result;
    }

    public void setResult(Object result) {
        this.result = result;
        this.throwable = null;
        this.returnEarly = true;
    }

    public Throwable getThrowable() {
        return this.throwable;
    }

    public boolean hasThrowable() {
        return this.throwable != null;
    }

    public void setThrowable(Throwable throwable) {
        this.throwable = throwable;
        this.result = null;
        this.returnEarly = true;
    }

    public Object getResultOrThrowable() throws Throwable {
        if(this.throwable != null) {
            throw this.throwable;
        } else {
            return this.result;
        }
    }
}

0x04 测试

那么代码都写完了,安装上

打开,把后面框框那个勾上,提示重启,那么就重启

重启完后,打开Android Device Monitor

如果是夜神模拟器的话需要执行下面这条命令,其余模拟器请对应相应的端口,不过还是真机大法好

C:\Users\wangz>adb connect 127.0.0.1:62001
connected to 127.0.0.1:62001

可以看到Android Device Monitor已经打印出了很多的日志,我输入了123456,看到下面输出了Hook代码里相应的日志

IMAGE

执行流程也是比较清楚

10-28 21:28:40.530: I/XposedDemo(1773): Enter com.wnagzihxain.xposedapp
10-28 21:28:59.550: D/XposedDemo(1773): Call beforeHookedMethod
10-28 21:28:59.560: D/XposedDemo(1773): RegCode:123456
10-28 21:28:59.560: D/XposedDemo(1773): Call afterHookedMethod
10-28 21:28:59.560: D/XposedDemo(1773): RegCode:123456

然后我们来看效果

IMAGE

可以看到我们Hook后设置返回值为true,现在从Toast的情况来看,确实是进入了校验正确的分支